PROJECT: OLD JOBS
THE ICEMAN OR ICE SELLER
Years ago the iceman sold and delivered ice door-to-door because there were not refrigerators.There were iceboxes in the houses where people put blocks of ice to preserve their food.The iceman carried the ice by bike,cart or motor truck.He brought the ice to houses in the morning,so as not to melt.For this reason there were some special sacks to put it in.
The icemen protected their hands with gloves.They used a saw to cut the ice,a hook to catch it and tongs to carry it.
There aren’t icemen today because we have fridges and freezers to presrve food in our houses.There are still ice factories which produce ice for shops to cool drinks or to preserve fish.
By Penny Liadi
THE ROVING GREENGROCER OR COSTERMONGER
The roving greengrocer is one of the dearest peddlels in small towns and villages in Greece in the 20th century – till about the 1970s. He has got a horse drawn cart or a donkey drawn cart.He fills his cart with fruits and vegetables. He goes everywhere to sell them.He stops outside houses and shouts for the housewives to listen to him:”I have got fresh fruits and vegetables”,”Come to buy the best tomatoes, potatoes, lemons, oranges”,”Today I have brought you fresh green beans and cucumbers.”
He has created a friendly relationship with the housewives and they trust him.
He also brings the news of the town or the village. He taks to his customers learns everything and transfers various news from place to place.
Today there are still some roving greengrocers but they don’t use a cart anymore.They use small trucks to carry and sell fruits and vegetables mainly in villages and other places away from a city.
By Kallia Fanou
THE ICE CREAM SELLER or ICE CREAM VENDOR
Imagine we are in a city in Greece in the 1950s.We can see a man with a trolley in the street.The trolley has got three wheels.There is a big container on the wheels.There is a big sign on the container with the phrase “ICE
C REAM”. This man is an ice cream seller.He is also called ,an ice cream vendor.In the spring and in the summer ,he sells ice creams in the streets.He pushes his trolley and takes it to different places around the city.
He has got ice in the bottom of his container to keep the ice cream frozen.He has put the ice cream on the ice inside the container.He has got ice cream cones on top of his container.There is an opening on top of the container.He takes ice cream out of this opening with a scoop and puts it on a cone.He wears a white uniform and a hat.
We can hear him shouting:”Here are the most delicious ice creams”,”Vanilla ice cream,strawberry ice cream”,”kaimaki ice cream with pure butter and milk.”We can see children running to him to buy ice cream.Both the ice cream seller and the children are very happy.
Now,let’s come back to this year ,the year 2014.Today this job does not exist in Greece.Today there are factories which produce ice cream and everyone buys it from kiosks,supermarkets and other shops.
By Christine Schiza
EASTER IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
Learning English is an opportunity for us to learn about the culture the customs and traditions of the people who live in The United Kingdom. This is a project on customs and traditions of Easter in The United Kingdom, done in cooperation with all students of our class.
- Opportunity = ευκαιρία
- Cooperation = συνεργασία
Easter is the most important festival in the Christian church year. Christians believe is the Resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his Crucifixion.
Easter is on a different date each year. This is because Easter Sunday is the Sunday after the first full moon after the first day of spring. (21 March).
- Crucifixion= Σταύρωση
Jesus Christ= Ιησούς Χριστός
SYMBOLS OF EASTER
Many of the symbols and traditions of Easter are connected with renewal, birth good luck and fertility. Of course as it is a Christian festival one of the main symbols is the cross. When Jesus was crucified, the cross became a symbol of suffering. Then with the resurrection Christians saw it as symbol of victory over death. In A.D.325, Constantine issued a decree at the Council of Nicaea, that the Cross would be the official symbol of Christianity.
Renewal= ανανέωση Fertility= γονιμότητα
Victory= νίκη Issue a decree= εκδίδω διάταγμα
The Council of Nicaea= Η Σύνοδος της Νίκαιας
On the Friday before Easter, Christmas commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is a day of mourning in church and special Good Friday services are held, where Christmas meditate on the cross, and what this means for their faith.
Commemorate=τιμώ (με διάφορες ένεργειές μου) τη μνήμη κάποιου ή κάποιο σημαντικό γεγονός του παρελθόντος).
Mourning=πένθος Meditate=συλλογίζομαι Faith=πίστη
How did Easter get its name?
Long before Jesus was born, some people in Europe called Anglo-Saxon worshipped the Goddess of spring, who had the name “Eostre”. They thought that the sun died in winter and was born again the spring. They thought the goddess brought the spring and with it sun would get stronger. Some believe that Easter got its name from her.
Worship= λατρεύω Goddess=θεά Anglo-Saxon=Αγγλοσάξονες
Rabbits have been associated with springtime since ancient times. It is believed that the Anglo-Saxon Godless of Spring, Eostre had a hare as her companion .The hare symbolizes fertility and rebirth. Later Christians changed the symbol of the hare to the Easter bunny. The tradition is that Easter bunny leaves Easter eggs on Easter Sunday. Parents hide eggs in the garden and the children go on an egg hunt to find them
On Easter Sunday, in the afternoon people gather for tea. They have a special Easter Cake for tea called Simnel Cake. The Simnel Cake is a rich fruitcake covered with a thick layer of almond paste (marzipan).Eleven balls of marzipan is placed around the top to represent the twelve apostles minus Judas.
Royal Maundy is a religious service in the Church of England held on Maundy Thursday, the day before Good Friday.
Before 1689 it was customary in England for the king or queen to wash the feet of the poor in Westminster Abbey every Maundy Thursday.
Today the queen gives out specially made Maundy money in white and red leather purses. The white purse contains silver Maundy coins matching the queen’s age in pence, while the red purse contains ordinary money. In 2014 this is given to 88 male and 88 female pensioners, because she is 88 years old. The service takes place at a different cathedral or abbey each year and people are chosen to receive the money because of good work they have done in their community.
Leather=δέρμα Purse=πορτοφόλι, πουγκί (για κέρματα) Pensioner=συνταξιούχος
Cathedral=καθεδρικός ναός, μητρόπολη Abbey=μοναστήρι, χώρος που ήταν κάποτε μοναστήρι
HOT CROSS BUNS
Hot Cross Buns, now eaten throughout the Easter season, were first baked in England to be served on
Good Friday. These small, lightly sweet yeast buns contain raisins or currants and sometimes chopped candied fruit. Before baking a cross is slashed in the top of the bun. After baking a confectioners sugar icing is used to fill the cross. An old rhyme was often sung by children awaiting their sugary treat:
”Hot Cross Buns
Hot Cross Buns
One a penny, two a penny,
Hot Cross Buns.
If you do not like them,
Give them to your sons.
One a penny, two a penny,
Hot Cross Buns.’’
Yeast=μαγιά Raisin=ξανθή σταφίδα Currant=μαύρη (κορινθιακή) σταφίδα
Confectioners sugar icing=γλάσο από ζάχαρη άχνη
In some areas in the north of England there is the custom of egg rolling. People take the eggs to the top of a hill and roll them down. The first egg to get to the foot of that hill is the winner.
On Easter Sunday Christians gather together for a Sunrise Service. This service takes place on a hill side so everyone can see the sunrise.
Christians=Χριστιανοί Gather=μαζεύω, συγκεντρώνω
Easter Biscuits are a traditional British cuisine gift, given to guests on Easter Sunday. They are made from flour, butter, egg yolk, baking powder and sugar.
Cuisine=κουζίνα (τρόπος μαγειρέματος) Egg yolk=κρόκος αυγού
Popular with families. Mothers make them with their children, grandmothers with their grandchildren. They are also made at schools by students as an Easter activity.